We are standing in the 21st century where technologies are developing tremendously and so are cyber crimes. It is an important factor to secure apps and other resources by the help of penetration testing. Every Cyber Security Company introduces a trusted ethical hacker to perform the penetration test using a thorough and methodical approach.
Let us discuss what penetration testing is and how it helps to keep your organisation safe.
What is Penetration Testing?
Penetration testing also known as Pentest is the art of finding flaws in the network and also finding out a necessary way to exploit them. It requires skill and experience to find out the vulnerabilities with the help of automated tools and process framework.
The purpose of the test is to secure sensitive data and information from cyber crimes that can have unauthorized access to the system. Penetration Testing has a lot of values such as:
- • Determining the influence of a particular set of attack
- • Determining vulnerabilities that are impossible to detect with other vulnerability scanning software
- • Assess the influence of business and operational impact of successful attacks
Stages of Performing Pen testing
There are five stages of performing a Penetration Test:
- 1. Planning & Reconnaissance
- 2. Scanning
- 3. Gaining access
- 4. Maintaining access
- 5. Analysis
1. Planning & Reconnaissance
It is the stage where information and data on your target are gathered to exploit the cyber-attack.
This stage scans the vulnerabilities. It can be either static or dynamic scanning.
3. Getting Access
Once the scanning is done the tester will exploit any vulnerability as identified in the scanning process. In this stage, with the help of various tools and advanced methods (depending on the scanning process) vulnerabilities are being exploited.
4. Maintaining access
Once the tester gets access, it is important to maintain the access to manage the security for the future or else it may damage the network again.
After completion of penetration tests, specific reports are prepared for taking necessary actions. All identified vulnerabilities are detailed in these reports.
Rules of Engagement
Scope of Penetration Test
There are three methods of penetration tests: Black box, White box & Gray box.
In Black box penetration testing, no such information is sent to the tester about the target. Here the tester approaches the test from the same perspective as that of the hacker. Testers have to identify the necessary vulnerability details themselves.
In White box penetration testing, all the information is provided as they want about the target so that they could start planning accordingly.
In Grey box penetration testing, has some feature of both. Here the attackers also get some information (but not everything).
A tester should have contact information of any client (even for black box testing). Penetration testing may sometimes lead to problems like DoS (denial of service) issues that can cause harm to the server. Having valid details of every client is needed to reach them as soon as possible (if any problem occurs as such).
The tester should provide regular updates during a test. Once it is finished, the report of the vulnerability with the detailed timeline and other relevant information is provided to the organisation. This report will help to review the attack from the tester’s end and also to determine how the systems were harmed.
A penetration tester is a highly skilled security specialist who attempts to breach computer and network security solutions. The main objective of the Cyber Security Service is to identify security weaknesses and also to exploit them through Penetration Testing procedures.
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Prevention from damage dealt to an organization’s reputation.
Investments on fixing the issues caused by attack.
Preventing confidential data and Intellectual Property being stolen
Prevention of revenue loss due to service disruption and much more.