What is VAPT?

Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) are two types of security services that primarily focus on identifying vulnerability in the networks and servers. Both these services carry different strengths and are compiled together to perform better performance. VAPT helps to protect a business from cyber attacks and also provides the intelligence required to efficiently allocate security resources. Vulnerability Assessment focuses on "internal security" and Penetration Testing focuses on "external real-world security".

What is Vulnerability Assessment?

A vulnerability assessment (VA) is the testing process that is used to identify and fix the security issues in a given timeframe. With the help of automated and manual techniques VA helps organizations to identify vulnerabilities before a compromise takes place.

There are four main stages of the Vulnerability Assessment process:

  • 1.   Planning and configuring
  • 2.   Running the task and generating a report
  • 3.   Resolving vulnerability
  • 4.   Maintaining network security
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What is Penetration Testing?

A penetration testing (PT) focused on identifying various possible paths an attacker could use to break into a network. It is a practice of testing a computer system or web and to find out the possible vulnerabilities that a hacker can exploit.

There are seven main stages of Penetration Testing process:

  • 1.   Pre-engagement actions
  • 2.   Reconnaissance
  • 3.   Vulnerability identification
  • 4.   Exploitation
  • 5.   Post-exploitation
  • 6.   Reporting
  • 7.   Re-testing

What VAPT include?

  • 1.   Network penetration testing
  • 2.   Application penetration testing
  • 3.   Physical penetration testing
  • 4.   Device Penetration testing
  • 5.   Internal infrastructure appliance penetration testing
  • 6.   External infrastructure penetration testing
  • 7.   Mobile application and penetration testing
  • 8.   Client-side software penetration testing

VAPT aims at searching the security gaps discovered to generate a PoC (Proof of Concept). VAPT protects the systems and data from malicious attacks. With the help of a broad range of security measures for diverse application and IT resources vulnerability assessment and penetration testing is a stand-alone test for better security. It is one of the most important exercises in web application security assessment.

Benefits of VAPT

  • 1.   It helps to identify vulnerability and risks in the website and networking infrastructure
  • 2.   Validates the effectiveness of current security safeguards
  • 3.   It provides certain remedial steps to detect existing vulnerabilities and prevent a future attack
  • 4.   VAPT helps to maintain compliance with applicable international and federal regulations

To Conclude:

Cyber attacks are growing day to day with the increasing of technologies. It has been recently reported by the cyber security companies that more than 70 percent of the applications contain vulnerabilities. There are primarily two basic reasons for the systems being vulnerable; one is incorrect programming practice and the other misconfiguration.
VAPT offers unparalleled awareness into an organization's security effectiveness as well as a road map for better security. Vulnerabilities can be identified beforehand by hiring cyber security experts. With regular VAPT, an organization thus reduces the chance of new vulnerability going unnoticed. VAPT is thus a procedure in which Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) infrastructure consist of computers, networks, operating systems, servers, and application software are examined in order to notify the presence of any vulnerability.